People > Macedonian People

Macedonian People

Background

This is a list of the Ancient Macedonians of Greece (Greek: Μακεδόνες, Makedónes). Contents [hide] 1 Mythology 2 Kings 2.1 Argead Dynasty 2.2 Antipatrid Dynasty 2.3 Antigonid Dynasty 2.4 Non-Dynastic Kings 2.5 Antipatrid Dynasty 2.6 Antigonid Dynasty 2.7 Non-Dynastic Kings 2.8 Antigonid Dynasty 2.9 Non-Dynastic Kings 3 Military personnel 3.1 High generals 3.1.1 Somatophylakes 3.2 Cavalry 3.2.1 Hipparchoi 3.3 Infantry 3.3.1 Taxiarchs of Pezhetairoi 3.4 Navy 3.4.1 Navarchoi 3.4.1.1 Trierarchs of Nearchus 3.5 Various 4 Civilization 4.1 Athletes 4.2 Writers 4.3 Scientists 4.4 Artists 4.5 Priests 4.6 Theorodokoi 4.7 Naopoioi 4.8 Women 5 See also 6 References Mythology[edit] Makednos Kings[edit] Argead Dynasty[edit] Karanus Κάρανος 808–778 BC Koinos Κοινός 778–750 BC Tyrimmas Τυρίμμας 750-700 BC Perdiccas I Περδίκκας Αʹ 700–678 BC Argaeus I Ἀργαῖος Αʹ 678–640 BC Philip I Φίλιππος Αʹ 640–602 BC Aeropus I Ἀέροπος Αʹ 602–576 BC Alcetas I Ἀλκέτας Αʹ 576–547 BC Amyntas I Ἀμύντας Αʹ 547–498 BC Alexander I Ἀλέξανδρος Αʹ 498–454 BC Alcetas II Ἀλκέτας Βʹ 454–448 BC Perdiccas II Περδίκκας Βʹ 448–413 BC Archelaus Ἀρχέλαος Αʹ 413–399 BC Craterus Κρατερός 399 BC Orestes Ὀρέστης and Aeropus II Ἀέροπος Βʹ 399–396 BC Archelaus II Ἀρχέλαος Βʹ 396–393 BC Amyntas II Ἀμύντας Βʹ 393 BC Pausanias Παυσανίας 393 BC Amyntas III Ἀμύντας Γʹ 393 BC Argaeus II Ἀργαῖος Βʹ 393–392 BC Amyntas III Ἀμύντας Γʹ 392–370 BC Alexander II Ἀλέξανδρος Βʹ 370–368 BC Perdiccas III Περδίκκας Γʹ 368–359 BC Ptolemy of Aloros Πτολεμαῖος Αʹ, Regent of Macedon 368–365 BC Amyntas IV Ἀμύντας Δʹ 359–356 BC Philip II Φίλιππος Βʹ 359–336 BC Alexander III, the Great Ἀλέξανδρος ὁ Μέγας 336–323 BC Antipater Ἀντίπατρος, Regent of Macedon 334–323 BC Philip III Arrhidaeus Φίλιππος Γʹ 323–317 BC and Alexander IV Ἀλέξανδρος Δʹ 323–310 BC[1] Perdiccas Περδίκκας, Regent of the Macedon Empire 323–321 BC[2] Antipater Ἀντίπατρος, Regent of the Macedon Empire 321–319 BC Polyperchon Πολυπέρχων, Regent of the Macedon Empire 319–317 BC Cassander Κάσανδρος, Regent of Macedon 317–305 BC Antipatrid Dynasty[edit] Cassander Κάσανδρος 305–297 BC Philip IV Φίλιππος Δʹ 297 BC Alexander V Αλέξανδρος Ε' and Antipater II Αντίπατρος Β' 297–294 BC Antigonid Dynasty[edit] Demetrius I Poliorcetes Δημήτριος ο Πολιορκητής 306–286 BC[3] Non-Dynastic Kings[edit] Lysimachus Λυσίμαχος 286–281 BC and Pyrrhus of Epirus Πύρρος της Ηπείρου 286–285 BC Ptolemy Keraunos Πτολεμαίος Κεραυνός 281–279 BC Meleager Μελέαγρος 279 BC Antipatrid Dynasty[edit] Antipater Etesias Ἀντίπατρος Ετησίας 279 BC Sosthenes Σωσθένης 279–276 BC Antigonid Dynasty[edit] Antigonus II Gonatas Αντίγονος Β' Γονατάς 276–274 BC[4] Non-Dynastic Kings[edit] Pyrrhus of Epirus Πύρρος της Ηπείρου 274–272 BC Antigonid Dynasty[edit] Antigonus II Gonatas Αντίγονος Β' Γονατάς 272–239 BC Demetrius II Aetolicus Δημήτριος Β' Αιτωλικός 239–229 BC Antigonus III Doson Αντίγονος Γ' 229–221 BC Philip V Φίλιππος Ε' 221–179 BC Perseus Περσέας 179–167 BC Non-Dynastic Kings[edit] Andriscus (or Pseudo-Philip VI) Ἀνδρίσκος 150-148 BC Pseudo-Alexander, 148 BC Pseudo-Philip VII, 143/142 BC Military personnel[edit] High generals[edit] Parmenion – Strategos of Philip and Alexander and commander of pharsalian squadron Attalus strategos of Philip and early taxiarch of Alexander Hephaestion – Chiliarch (after 327 BC) Perdiccas – Chiliarch (after 324 BC) Seleucus I Nicator – Chiliarch (after 323 BC) Somatophylakes[edit] Aristonous of Pella Arybbas (somatophylax) Balacrus Demetrius (somatophylax) Hephaestion Leonnatus Lysimachus Menes of Pella Pausanias of Orestis Philip's Peithon Peucestas Ptolemy (somatophylax) Ptolemy (son of Seleucus) Ptolemy I Soter Cavalry[edit] Hipparchoi[edit] Philotas (after 330 BC, Cleitus the Black, Coenus, Hephaestion, Craterus, Perdiccas, Cleitus the White) leaders of Hetairoi (1800 horses) Cleitus the Black, Royal cavalry Sopolis, cavalry of Amphipolis Heraclides (son of Antiochus), cavalry of Bottiaea Peroidas cavalry of Anthemus Socrates cavalry of Apollonia Pantordanus cavalry of Leugaea Hegelochus, (later Amyntas (son of Arrhabaeus), Protomachus, Aretes), Prodromoi, light cavalry (600 horses) Calas, Alexander of Lyncestis, Philip, Polydamas, Parmenion–Thessalian cavalry (1800 horses) Philip (son of Menelaus) (after 331 BC, Erigyius), other allied Greeks (600 horses) Agathon (son of Tyrimmas), (later Ariston of Paionia) Thracian cavalry (900 horses) *Total: 5700 horses in 333 BC Demetrius (son of Althaemenes), Glaucias, Meleager, mentioned in the Battle of Gaugamela Infantry[edit] Taxiarchs of Pezhetairoi[edit] Nicanor (son of Parmenion) 334 BC leader of Royal Agema and Hypaspists (succeeded by Neoptolemus (general)) Alcetas Amyntas 334 BC Antigenes Antigonus I Monophthalmus 334 BC Attalus (general) 334 BC Attalus (son of Andromenes from Stympha) Clitus the White Coenus 334 BC Craterus 334 BC Gorgias Meleager (general) 334 BC Menander (general) 334 BC Peithon, son of Agenor Perdiccas 334 BC Philip (son of Amyntas) 334 BC Philotas (satrap) Polyperchon Ptolemy (son of Seleucus) Ptolemy I Soter 334 BC Simmias Navy[edit] Navarchoi[edit] Proteas Hegelochus Amphoterus Nearchus Trierarchs of Nearchus[edit] Archon of Pella Archias of Pella Aristonous of Pella Asclepiodorus Craterus Demonicus of Pella Hephaestion Leonnatus Lysimachus Metron Mylleas Nicarchides Ophellas Pantauchus Peithon Perdiccas Peucestas Ptolemy I Soter Timanthes of Pella Various[edit] Agathon brother of Parmenion Arrhidaeus Asander Caranus hetairos Coragus Derdas Eudemus (general) Harpalus Iollas Lagus Menedemus (general) Menelaus (son of Lagus) Nicanor (Antipatrid general) Nicanor (father of Balacrus) Nicanor (Ptolemaic general) Nicanor the Elephant Philip (son of Antigonus) Philip (son of Antipater) Philip (son of Machatas) Philoxenus (general) Polemon (general) son of Andromenes Ptolemy (general) nephew of Antigonus Teutamus Tlepolemus (son of Pythophanes) Civilization[edit] Athletes[edit] Alexander I of Macedon 504 or 500 BC[5] Stadion 2nd Olympics [6] c. 430–420 BC Argive Heraean games[7] Archelaos Perdikas 408 BC Tethrippon in Olympic and Pythian Games Philip II of Macedon (Thrice Olympic Winner), 356 BC Horse Race, 352 BC Tethrippon, 348 BC two-colt chariot, Synoris 344 BC Tethrippon Panathenaics[8] Archon of Pella 334-332 BC Horse race Isthmian and Pythian Games Antigonus (son of Callas) 332-331 BC Hoplitodromos Heraclean games in Tyrus, after the Conquest of the city Malacus Μάλακος 329/328 BC Dolichos Amphiarian games[9] Criton or Cliton[10] 328 BC Stadion Olympics Damasias of Amphipolis 320 BC Stadion Olympics[10] Lagus (son of Ptolemeus) Λᾶγος 308 BC Synoris Arcadian Lykaia Epaenetus (son of Silanus) Ἐπαίνετος 308 BC Tethrippon Lykaia Heraclitus Ἡράκλειτος 304 BC stadion Lykaia[11] Bubalus of Cassandreia Βούβαλος 304 BC keles (horse) flat race Lykaia Lampos of Philippi 304 BC Tethrippon Olympics[12] Antigonus 292 and 288 BC Stadion Olympics[10] Seleucus 268 BC Stadion Olympics[10] Belistiche 264 BC Tethrippon and Synoris Olympics Apollodorus (runner) (1st century BC) Olympics Horse race Olympic Victors as recorded in recent discovered epigrams of Posidippus of Pella (c. 3rd century BC)[13] Ptolemy I Soter Ptolemy II Philadelphus Arsinoe I Arsinoe II Berenice Phernophorus Berenice II Cleopatra II Etearchus Ἐτέαρχος Molycus Μόλυκος Plangon Πλαγγών woman Trygaios Τρυγαῖος Writers[edit] Adaios (c. 450 BC) epigrammatic poet Antipater (c. 397 BC — 319 BC) Illyrian Wars Ptolemy I Soter (367 BC—283 BC) patron of letters, historian of Alexander's campaign Alexander the Great (356–323 BC) epistolist, rhetor quotes Alexarchus, scholar, conlanger Leon of Pella (4th-century BC) historian On the Gods in Egypt Marsyas of Pella (356- 294) historian Marsyas of Philippi (3rd century BC) historian Hippolochus (early 3rd century BC) description of a Macedonian wedding feast Poseidippus of Cassandreia (c. 288 BC) comic poet Poseidippus of Pella (c. 280 BC – 240 BC) epigrammatic poet Amerias (3rd century BC) lexicographer Craterus (historian) (3rd century BC) anthologist, compiler of historical documents relative to the history of Attica Oikiades (son of Nikandros) from Cassandreia Tragoedus winner in Soteria (festival) 272 BC[14] Ptolemy IV Philopator, wrote a tragedy entitled Adonis, and presumably played the lead. Hermagoras of Amphipolis (c. 225 BC), stoic philosopher Samus (son of Chrysogonus), (late 3rd century BC)[6] Craterus of Amphipolis (c. 100-30 BC) Rhapsode winner in Amphiarian games[15] Phaedrus of Pieria (c. 15 BC – c. 50 AD) fabulist Antipater of Thessalonica (late 1st century BC) epigrammatic poet and governor of the city Philippus of Thessalonica (late 1st century AD) epigrammatic poet and compiler of the Greek Anthology Epigonus of Thessalonica Perses epigrammatist Archias, epigrammatist Antiphanes (late 1st century AD), epigrammatist Parmenion (late 1st century AD), epigrammatist Polyaenus, (2nd century AD) military writer Criton of Pieria (2nd century AD) historian Stobaeus (5th century AD) anthologist of Greek authors Macedonius of Thessalonica (the Consul), (6th century AD), epigrammatist of Greek Anthology Scientists[edit] Poseidonius, mechanician[16] Pyrrhus mechanician Demetrius I Poliorcetes, mechanician Archias of Pella, geographer under Nearchus Parmenion (architect) Patrocles (geographer) Artists[edit] Pamphilus (painter), teacher of Apelles (4th century BC) Parmeniskos group potters (3rd century BC) Aetion of Amphipolis, sculptor Erginus (son of Simylus) from Cassandreia citharede winner in Soteria (festival) c. 260 BC[17] _ (son of Callistratus) from Philippi Dancer winner in Soteria (festival) c. 250 BC[18] Heraclides (painter) (2nd century BC) marine painter Herophon (son of Anaxagoras) (2nd–1st centuries BC) sculptor Evander of Beroea (1st century AD) sculptor Adymus of Beroea (1st century AD) sculptor Priests[edit] Menelaus (son of Lagus) Agathanor Theorodokoi[edit] Perdiccas, possibly Perdiccas III of Macedon c. 365–311 BC Epidaurian[19][20] Pausanias of Kalindoia, possibly the same as Pausanias the pretender to the Macedonian throne in the 360s BC Hadymos and Seleukos son of Argaios[21] Naopoioi[edit] Naopoios (Temple-builder), an elected Archon by Hieromnemones, responsible for restoring the temple of Apollo in Delphi Philippus Φίλιππος Μακεδών Timanoridas (son of Cordypion) Τιμανορίδας Κορδυπίωνος Μακεδών c. 361–343 BC[22] Leon (son of Hegesander) Λέων Ἡγησάνδρου Μακεδών 331 BC[23] Women[edit] Arsinoe of Macedonia mother of Ptolemy I Soter Belistiche olympionice Cleopatra of Macedon sister of Alexander, wife of Alexander I of Epirus Cleopatra Eurydice, niece of Attalus (general), and 5th wife of Philip Cynane half-sister of Alexander Eurydice of Egypt daughter of Antipater and wife of Ptolemy I Soter Eurydice II of Macedon mother of Philip Euridice III Adea, wife of Philip Arrhidaeus Lanike sister of Clitus the Black and the nurse of Alexander Nicaea of Macedonia daughter of Antipater, wife of Lysimachus Nicesipolis wife of Philip, mother of Thessalonica Olympias mother of Alexander Phila, daughter of Antipater, wife of Demetrius Poliorcetes and mother of Antigonus II Gonatas Philinna of Larissa, wife of Philip, mother of Philip III of Macedon Stratonice of Macedonia wife of Demetrius Poliorcetes Thessalonica half-sister of Alexander, wife of Cassander Olympias II of Epirus, wife of Alexander II of Epirus See also[edit] List of ancient Macedonians in epigraphy References[edit] Jump up ^ As part of the compromise in Babylon after Alexander the Great’s death, it was agreed that Philip would be joint king with Roxanne’s unborn child, should it prove to be male. Hence Philip was sole king for several months until Alexander IV was born, and Alexander too was sole king from Philip’s murder in 317 BC to his own death. Neither had any effective power during this period; Philip was mentally infirm and Alexander was under age. Jump up ^ Perdiccas (And his immediate Regency successors) did not take the title of Regent, (Epitropos) but instead styled himself 'Manager' (Epimelêtês), however his position was that of Regent in all but name. Jump up ^ Demetrius was proclaimed King in 306 BC with his father, but his reign in Macedonia only became effective after he ousted the Antipatrids in 294, and his power there ended after he was in turn expelled by Pyrrhus and Lysimachus in 286. His death in 283 is often given as marking the end of his reign. Jump up ^ Antigonus claimed the kingship upon his father's death in 283, but it was only effective after 276. Jump up ^ A History of Macedonia. Volume 2 Review: John Cole Jump up ^ Justin – 7.2.14. (He contended for the prize in various species of exercises at the Olympics) Jump up ^ Thucydides and Pindar: Historical Narrative and the World of Epinikian Poetry [1] by Simon Hornblower – SEG 30:648 Jump up ^ Aspects of Ancient Macedonian Costume [2]-Μακεδόνες και Παναθήναια [3], [4] -Epigraphical Database SEG 49:842, SEG 45:801 Jump up ^ Boeotia — Amphiareion- Epigr. tou Oropou 520.10 ^ Jump up to: a b c d Chronicon (Eusebius) Jump up ^ Arkadia — Lykaion — IG V,2 550.17 Jump up ^ Pausanias a Guide to Greece [5] Jump up ^ Posidippus, Epigrams www.chs.harvard.edu Jump up ^ Phokis — Delphi Syll.³ 424.42 Jump up ^ Boiotia — Oropos: Amphiareion — c. 80–50 BC Epigr. tou Oropou 528.12 Jump up ^ Greek and Roman Siege Machinery 399 Bc-Ad 363 By Duncan B. Campbell Jump up ^ Phokis — Delphi FD III 1:477.13 Jump up ^ Phokis — Delphi BCH 1928:259.26 Jump up ^ Epidauros — c. 365–311 BC IG IV²,1 94 frg b.col I.1 -9 Jump up ^ Martial, Buch VI: Ein Kommentar by Farouk Grewing Jump up ^ Macedonian Institutions Under the Kings Page 211 By Miltiadēs V. Chatzopoulos ISBN 960-7094-89-1 Jump up ^ Phokis — Delphi — stoichedon — FD III 5:19.74 Jump up ^ Phokis — Delphi — stoichedon — FD III 5:58.29-30

Macedonian Kings

Philip II of Macedon

Alexander III the Great

Alexander IV of Macedon

Sources

Primary Sources

Secondary Sources